Titration, also known as volumetric analysis and titrimetry, is a method commonly used in chemical laboratories for quantitative chemical analysis. It is used to obtain the concentration of a specific analyte in a mixture. Some important types of titration are listed in this article.
- Analyte (commonly referred to as the Titrand) – the substance whose concentration is to be determined.
- Titrant (also known as titrator) – A reagent (of known volume and concentration) which is made to react with the analyte.
- Titration volume – the volume of titrant consumed in the titration process.
Redox titrations feature oxidation-reduction reactions between two chemical species (one of which is an oxidizing agent and the other is a reducing agent). The endpoints of these titrations are usually determined with the help of a redox indicator or a potentiometer.
Some specific redox titrations do not require any indicators (due to the …