Useful Information on Construction Project Types
A process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure is what construction is all about. A construction project then includes all the materials and work needed to build the infrastructure. Also included in a construction project are site preparation, foundations, mechanical and electrical work, and other works that are needed so that the project will be completed.
Construction projects are of various kinds which we shall be examining below.
Houses, apartments, condos, town houses, cottages, single unit dwellings, and subdivisions are classified under residential construction projects. Architects and engineers do that housing designs and the execution is done by builders who hire subcontractors for structural, electrical, mechanical, and other specialty work. Residential construction projects must conform to local building authority regulations and codes of practice. The reason why many contractor prefer residential projects is that it is easy to enter them in the real estate market. This market is highly competitive with very high risks, and high rewards as well.
When it comes to popularity, building construction comes out the first. In building construction, you add a building on a piece of property. Room additions and small renovations are also under building construction. When new buildings are construction, they simply build an enclosure that is sheltered and access and its purpose is to house people, equipment, machinery, or supplies. The installation of utilities and equipment is included.
There are varied types and sizes of institutional and commercial building construction. Some of these projects include hospitals and clinics, schools and universities, sports facilities and stadiums, large shopping centers and retail chain stores, light manufacturing plants and warehouses, and skyscrapers for offices and hotels. These buildings are designed by specialty architect and engineers that are hired. The competitors in this market are few compared to residential projects because the projects are very high and cost and they are also very sophisticated.
A small part of the whole construction industry is industrial construction. However, it is also a very important part of the industry. Big, for-profit industrial corporations own these projects. Manufacturing, power generation, medicine, petroleum, and others are part of this industry.
There are also specialized industrial construction projects that are large scale projects which are technologically complex and examples of these are nuclear power plants, chemical processing plants, steel mills, and oil refineries.
The construction , alteration, repair or roads, highways, streets, alleys, runways, paths, parking areas are included under highway construction. The highway construction project also includes all incidental construction.
If the project is not a building or highway construction project, it is classified as heavy construction project. Construction of water and sewer line projects, dams, sewage treatment plants and facilities, flood control projects, dredging projects, and water treatment plants and facilities.
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