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Utilization of Indoor Farming Techniques

Vertical farming practices are being practiced by most people all over the world due its benefits. A constant increase in population poses problems such as food scarcity which can be solved simply by practicing vertical or indoor farming. One of the main techniques used in this kind of farming is hydroponics. The medium used in this farming technique is soil-less and it contains sufficient minerals to ensure proper feeding of plants and watering. Artificial lighting is usually used in indoor farming to provide light for photosynthesis. Since crops are grown indoors, they can be harvested throughout the year which a major benefit of this technique. Indoor farming allows crops to grown even during drought and flooding seasons as they are safe from such conditions.

The environment in which crops grow in vertical farming is usually pest and disease-free which is another benefit. This helps to prevent post-harvest spoilage of crops being grown. One doesn’t have to use chemicals or pesticides to get rid of pests since there are none. Most people carry out vertical farming in places such as skyscrapers, used warehouses or shipping containers. Vertical farming involved practices such as fertigation, controlled lighting as well as environmental control. Greenhouses usually use almost similar techniques to grow crops as those used in indoor or vertical farming.

With vertical farming, one can be able to enjoy reliable harvests all-round the year. Reliable and consistent farming techniques are usually used in vertical farming which is very beneficial as this way, commercial growers can stick to supply contracts and delivery schedules. In vertical farming, there are neither crop losses nor seasonal crops. Environmental factors such as diseases or pests are also eliminated in vertical farming. Unlike greenhouses, vertical farm systems produce nearly ten times more growing area for crops. Due to this reason, cost-effective farming installations are used in under-utilized environments such as warehouses, industrial estates and other environments.
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Regular farming and other farming techniques don’t produce as many crop rotations as vertical farming does. Since factors such as humidity, temperature and light are controlled, crop cycles tend to be faster. Basil, kale, spinach, lettuce, endives among others are types of crops that can be produced through vertical farming. Advanced technology methods are integrated into this farming technique in order to control the amount of air, water and nutrition for plants. This helps to provide the optimum growing conditions required for the crops to grow and mature.
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LED lighting uses up less power to ensure maximum plant growth hence vertical farming incurs minimum overhead costs. Minimal labor is required as manpower is only required for planting, harvesting as well as crop packaging while everything else is automated.